Medical detox can be defined as the medically supervised care and consistent monitoring of an individual going through withdrawal from drugs or alcohol. In addition to removing the drugs or alcohol from an individual’s body, medical detox also addresses the physical and psychological symptoms that accompany withdrawal.
A medical detox program may be completed on an inpatient or outpatient basis; while both types of treatment plans have their merits, an inpatient program provides round-the-clock supervision and offers patients an environment free of the triggers that might hinder their recovery.
If you have questions regarding medical detox, call Drug Rehab Cape Coral FL today at (239) 330-3382. An addiction specialist is standing by.
It can be dangerous for an individual with a drug or alcohol addiction to try to withdraw from a substance on their own. Many drugs can’t be stopped “cold turkey” because the physical symptoms of withdrawal are serious and can even be fatal. During a medically supervised detoxification, certain medications can be administered to patients to lessen these difficult symptoms.
In addition to easing the physical effects of withdrawal, medical detoxification programs also pay close attention to the health of the patient during this period of transition. Patients may require nutritional support and hydration to restore their body to its normal levels after long periods of substance abuse.
A variety of medications are available to help individuals manage the symptoms of drug or alcohol withdrawal. No two cases of addiction are exactly alike, so a medication will be chosen based on the drug of addiction, the level of the addiction and the individual’s commitment to the program.
Individuals who are addicted to opiates go through particularly difficult withdrawals. Drugs like heroin, morphine and OxyContin are highly addictive, and most require detoxification to be completed in an inpatient setting. Heroin withdrawal is often treated with methadone; buprenorphine is another common medication used during opiate withdrawal. After the detoxification process is complete, naltrexone is often administered to lower the risk of relapse.
Alcohol addiction doesn’t always require medically supervised detoxification, but the withdrawal process can be made substantially easier with the help of pharmaceutical therapy. Certain medications can lessen the tremors, irritability and sleep problems that frequently accompany alcohol withdrawal, and they can also ease the increased depression that often occurs during the process. Benzodiazepines, including Librium and Valium, are commonly administered during alcohol withdrawal.
Crystal meth addiction can be one of the most difficult dependencies to break. The severe cravings and psychological effects that accompany withdrawal from the drug are unrelenting. While the FDA has yet to approve any drugs for the purpose of treating crystal meth addiction, a few medications are approved for use during detox. Paroxetine, Mirtazapine, Modafinil and Buproprion have been shown to aid in the process of withdrawal from crystal meth.
Relapse is extremely common after addiction treatment. In fact, a study by the National Institute on Drug Abuse states that up to 60 percent of recovering drug addicts will relapse at some point.
After detoxification is complete, it’s important to complete a rehabilitation program that focuses on behavioral therapy and relapse prevention. Individual counseling and group therapy can help recovering individuals learn how to cope with the triggers that could lead them back to substance abuse; positive reinforcement can also be used to encourage individuals to stay on the path toward long-term sobriety.
For many recovering addicts, psychological therapy can help get to the root of painful emotions that they may try to numb with drugs or alcohol. Certain medications can also play a key role in relapse prevention; Campral and Antabuse are often used to prevent relapses among recovered alcoholics, and Naltrexone can help individuals from sliding back into opiate addiction.
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